Discussion and Description of Nutrients used in Hydroponics

Nutrients Found in Hydroponics   

Plants in hydroponics, do not live in soil. Therefore, they must gain their nutrients through water, fertilizers, and the medium the plants are submerged in. The most common nutrients such as hydrogen, oxygen and carbon are absorbed from air and water. Mineral nutrients are dissolvable in the water solution. Below is a list and description of nutrients found in hydroponics, and the growing of them.



Allows cells to divide

Permits protein formation

 Active role in pollination

Creates seed production


Fundamental to cell manufacturing and cell growth

Too much calcium will stunt growth

Moves slowly in plant

Deficient signs: will turn brown and die

Concentrated in roots and older growth


Catalyst (increases rate of reaction) for enzymes

Excess signs: will cause death

 Shortage will make new growth will, and cause irregular growth

Is a fungicide

Wards off insects and diseases


Catalyst for chlorophyll production

Lack of iron turns leaves yellow/white

Reactions are used in photosynthesis

Difficult for plants to absorb



Central atom in chlorophyll molecules

Utilization of nutrients,

Nurtirlizes acids and toxin compounds

Deficit signs: older leaves yellow from center outward

 Essential to absorption of light energy

Leaf tips will curl and discolor

Growing tips turn lime green


Reduces nitrates before producing proteins

 Deficient signs: turns young leaves molted and brown


Helps form proteins and aids plants ability to pull nitrogen from air

Deficit signs: leaves turn pale and fringed appear scorched and irregular leaf growth


 Primary to plant growth

Convert element into proteins for cell growth

 Responsible for leaf and stem growth, size and vigor

Deficient signs: new growth becomes weak ad spindly Older leaves turn yellow and die

Excess: soft, weak growth and delay flower and fruit production                


Necessary for photosynthesis

Highest levels during germination, seedling growth, flowering

Works as a catalyst for energy transfer

Helps build strong roots

Deficiency signs:  leaves turn deep green on stunted plants, leaves show brown or purple spots

Vital for flower and seed production




Manufacture and movement of sugars and starches

Regulates stomata openings

Growth by cell division   Increases chlorophyll in foliage

Necessary during all growth stages

Encourages strong root growth, water uptake, and triggers enzymes that fight disease


Component of plant protein and root growth

Adds flavor and odor to plants


SA Series
Packaged Chillers
(integrated pump tank)
1.5Ton – 20Ton
Single / Dual Circuits
Single / Dual Pumps
SAE Series
Modular Chillers
(pump & tank on
separate skid)
1.5Ton – 200Ton
Single / Dual Circuits
SAR Series
Split Chillers
(Outdoor Condensing Unit)
(pump, tank, evaporator on
indoor skid)
1.5Ton – 200Ton
Single / Dual Circuits